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Project Description

Biodiversity Conservation by Biodiversity Commercialization? An Economic Analysis of the International Concept of Access and Benefit Sharing in consideration of field studies in selected countries

The objective of the project is to value existing national and international access and benefit-sharing regimes and to give political recommendations for the definition and creation of such regimes as well as to make reforming proposals for different international agreements.

The main focus of the project is an environmental and institutional economic analysis of different property regimes of biological diversity resp. plant genetic resources, ensuring the protection and sustainable use of biodiversity. Especially the realisation of these regimes in harmonisation with the TRIPS agreement of the WTO, regulating the international protection and enforcement of intellectual property rights is considered. Empirical studies are planned in different “biodiversity-rich” countries, having already implemented the CBD (Convention in Biological Biodiversity) and the ITPGR (International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources) by developing national access and benefit-sharing regulations. In this context is assumed that the commercialisation of genetic resources has an positive effect on the conservation of biodiversity. According to this fact the national access and benefit-sharing regulations are analysed with respect to their impact on international bioprospecting contracts.

Start Date: 10/2001 End Date: 12/2003
Duration: 38 months Status: execution
Supervisor: Prof. K. Holm-Müller
Funding: Institute For Agricultural Policy, Market Research and Economic Sociology
Schaumann Foundation
Cooperations: ZEF


  • Richerzhagen, C., Holm-Mueller, K. (2004): The effectiveness of access and benefit sharing in Costa Rica: implications for national and international regimes, in: Ecological Economics (forthcoming).

  • Richerzhagen, C., Virchow, D. (2004): Sustainable Utilization of Crop Genetic Diversity through Property Rights Mechanisms? The Case of Coffee Genetic Resources in Ethiopia, in: International Journal on Biotechnology (forthcoming).

  • Richerzhagen, C. (2003): Ökonomische Analyse nationaler Zugangs- und Vorteilsausgleichsregelungen genetischer Ressourcen am Beispiel der Philippinen, in: Korn, H. und Feit, U. (Bearb.): Treffpunkt Biologische Vielfalt 2003, Bundesamt für Naturschutz, Bonn.

  • Richerzhagen, C. (2002): Access and Benefit Sharing in the Framework of the Coase Theorem: A Successful Strategy to Conserve Biodiversity? - The Case of the Philippines, Paper presented at International Summer School on Innovations for Sustainable Development: Institutions, Incentives and Economic Policy, Seeon, Germany, September 2002, Work in progress.

  • Richerzhagen, C., Virchow, D. (2002): Sustainable Utilization of Crop Genetic Diversity through Property Rights Mechanisms? The Case of Coffee Genetic Resources in Ethiopia. BioEcon Workshop on The Economics of Incentive Mechanisms for Biodiversity Conservation. IPGRI, Rome (Italy), May 30-31, 2002.

Last Updated: Tuesday, August 01, 2017